Clitocybe phyllophyla

Cap is convex and bulging then it spread and depressed, white with yellow ocher shades,stem is longitudinally grooved, white ocher color,growing in late summer and autumn in the deciduous and coniferous forests on fallen leaves and needles.




This alkaloid was isolated in 1869 as a minor toxic constituent in the mushroom Amanita muscaria (in fresh fungi, it is found in only a concentration of 0.0003 percent). It is found in much larger amounts in many species of Inocybe and some species of Clitocybe mushrooms. Eating mushrooms that contain muscarine is only rarely fatal; even without treatment, most symptoms fade within a few hours. Muscarine, like pilocarpine, excites receptors of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems. Within 15 to 24 hours after ingestion, muscarine poisoning produces profuse sweating and salivation, visual disturbances, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, headache, and bronchospasm. Very high doses cause incontinence, slow heartbeat, low blood pressure, and shock. Symptoms will disappear even without treatment in most cases. However, vomiting and gastric lavage may help together with the administration of atropine to suppress toxin symptoms.

Ref: The Encyclopedia of Poisons and Antidotes (Turkington-Mitchell)

Sezóna Leto
Sezóna Jeseň
Habitat Opadavý
Habitat Ihličnany
Klobúk Polokulovitý
Klobúk Klobouk s hrbolkem
Klobúk Plochý
Klobúk Prohloubený
Farebné klobúky Biely
Farebné klobúky Žltý
Farebné klobúky Okr
Veľkosť klobouka 2" - 5" (5cm - 12cm)
Farba mäsa klobúkov Biely
Farba mäsa klobúkov Hnědý
Lupeny Adnate
Lupeny Sbíhavé
Barva lupeny Biely
Barva lupeny Šedá
Barva lupeny Okr
Barva lupeny Načervenalý
Forma lupeny Dense
Třeně barvy Biely
Třeně barvy Okr
Třeně Grooved
Velikost třeně 2" - 4" (5cm - 10cm)
Třeně časť Fibrillar
Třeně časť Tubular
Ukončení třeně Spindle
Aróma Aníz
Vkus Sour