Edible mushrooms are the fleshy and edible fruiting bodies of several species of fungi. They belong to the macrofungi, because their fruiting structures are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. They can appear either below ground (hypogeous) or above ground (epigeous) where they may be picked by hand. Edibility may be defined by criteria that include absence of poisonous effects on humans and desirable taste and aroma. By some accounts, less than 10 percent of all mushrooms may be edible. Edible mushrooms are consumed by humans for their nutritional value as comestibles.
Edible mushrooms include many fungal species that are either harvested wild or cultivated. Easily cultivatable and common wild mushrooms are often available in markets, and those that are more difficult to obtain (such as the prized truffle and matsutake) may be collected on a smaller scale by private gatherers.
Edible mushrooms include many fungal species that are either harvested wild or cultivated. Easily cultivatable and common wild mushrooms are often available in markets, and those that are more difficult to obtain (such as the prized truffle and matsutake) may be collected on a smaller scale by private gatherers. Some preparations may render certain poisonous mushrooms fit for consumption.
Before assuming that any wild mushroom is edible, it should be identified. Proper identification of a species is the only safe way to ensure edibility. Some mushrooms that are edible for most people can cause allergic reactions in some individuals, and old or improperly stored specimens can cause food poisoning. Deadly poisonous mushrooms that are frequently confused with edible mushrooms and responsible for many fatal poisonings include several species of the Amanita genus, in particular, Amanita phalloides, the death cap.
Cap is convex, then widespread and bulging, brown or rusty color, the surface covered with hairs, stem is thicker and hollow, light brown color, grows in the summer and fall only under the larch.
Cap is convex, then spreading, fleshy, the damp weather sticky, brown, olive brown or reddish brown, stipe thin, brown, covered with purple red corpuscles, touch the blue mushroom, to grow in the summer and autumn in the deciduous and coniferous forests.
Cap is convex then widespread and depressed, radial fibrous, color of flesh or pinkish brown color, stem is pale pink color, growing in the summer and autumn along the edges of coniferous forests, pastures, meadows.
Cap is a funnel-shaped,the edge is wavy,sinuous and inrolled,of cap surface is wrinkled,gray-brown or dark brown color with whitish shades,stem is irregular,grayish brown or whitish ocher colors,grows in the summer and autumn on the moss in deciduous forests.
Cap is a funnel-shaped,the edge is inrolled and upturned,irregularly wavy and divided into lobes, brown and yellow color, stem is a golden yellow or orange-yellow color, growing in late summer and autumn in large groups in deciduous,coniferous and mixed forests.
Cap is a widespread and deepressed,humped, and irregularly shaped,a wavy edge,citrus a yellow color with whitish tones,the stipe of yellow color as the cap,grows in the summer in deciduous forests especially under beech.
Cap is convex then widespread,the edge is incurved,ocher brown color,the surface is finely fuzzy,stem is
ocher brown color,fuzzy, growing in late summer in coniferous forests, especially under the pine trees.
Cap is a convex then depressed and funnel, yellow-red color, covered with tiny flakes, stem is cylindrical, white of reddish color and covered with white flakes, growing in the autumn in deciduous and coniferous forests.
Cap is convex then spread, a little depressed, small, moist, smooth, rusty red or yellow rust, stipe is a thin, brittle,yellow orange colors, growing from spring to late autumn in all forests.
Cap is convex then widespread, grooved, brown or reddish brown colors with bright shades, the edge is irregularly undulating,
stem is tough,wiry, the same color as the cap, growing in summer and autumn on the remains coniferous and deciduous trees,
the roots and the stumps.
Cap is convex, then spread and dull bulging, yellow to reddish-ocher, rolled edge with remains of white veil, stipe of white color with tones ocher brown and silky structure, growing in late summer in coniferous forests.
Cap is convex, then spread and dull bulging, yellow ocher or brown in olive green, in the middle of the cap dark shades,a edge wavy and ribbed, stipe of white color with a purple shade, growing in late summer and autumn in the deciduous forests.