Medicinal mushrooms are mushrooms, or mushroom extracts, that are used or studied as possible treatments for diseases. Research has shown some medicinal mushroom extracts that have promising cardiovascular, anticancer, antiviral, antibacterial, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and antidiabetic properties. Currently, several extracts (polysaccharide-K, polysaccharide peptide, lentinan) have widespread use in Japan, Korea and China, as adjuvants to radiation treatments and chemotherapy.

Shiitake, Reishi, and Grifola frondosa, have a history of medicinal use spanning millennia in parts of Asia. Only a few mushroom extracts have been extensively tested for efficacy. Research with most other extracts, are on isolated cell lines, animals, or limited clinical trials. Although medicinal molds do not produce mushrooms, these fungi were the original source of penicillin, lovastatin, griseofulvin and allowed for the development of the statin medications.

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Agaricus bisporus var. albidus

Cap is convex, then open, white in color, smells aromatic, growing in the garden, compost, and parks.

Agaricus bisporus var. bisporus

Cap round convex, then open, light brown, with brown scales, aromatic smells like a nut, growing in gardens, compost and parks.

Agaricus blazei

Is a species of mushroom, commonly known as almond mushroom, mushroom of the sun, God's mushroom, mushroom of life, royal sun agaricus, jisongrong or himematsutake and by a number of other names. Agaricus blazei is a choice edible, with a somewhat sweet taste and fragrance of almonds. The fungus is also well known as a medicinal mushroom, for its purported medicinal properties, due to research which indicates it may stimulate the immune system.

Hericium erinaceum

Torus are formed from a joint thick stump,branches are not on the surface of the a dense and long spikes,hanging like a chin,varying from white to creamy yellow color,growing in late summer and autumn on dead trunks of oak.

Lentinus edodes

Cap is convex hemispherical then widespread,the edge is incurved and ribbed, light brown or dark brown color,the surface is covered with fine veneers, is stipe whitish color and covered with small brown fuzzy, growing on dead wood of various deciduous trees.

Pleurotus eryngii

Cap a convex then widespread such as shell and depressed,the edge is incurved,gray-brown with a white shade,a stipe is short,stiff,thick and full,white color,growing in the the summer and fall along roadsides,in trenches on the roots of plants Eryngium campestre and and martimum.

Pleurotus ostreatus

Cap a convex then widespread asymmetrical shapes as shells,the edge a incurved,fleshy, gray-brown or greyish white color,stem is very short,white color,growing in the late autumn and winter group at the stumps deciduous trees.

Pleurotus ostreatus var. sacca

Cap is a widespread asymmetrical shapes as shells,the edge a incurved then wavy,fuzzy,gray or ocher gray color,stem is very short,whitish gray color,fuzzy,growing in the late autumn and winter group at the stumps deciduous trees.

Pleurotus pulmonarius

Cap is a widespread asymmetrical shapes as shells,smooth and glossy surface,the edge incurved, gray-yellow to brown color ,stem is short,full and hard,white color,growing in late summer and autumn on the stumps deciduous trees,especially on poplars.